Home Page


Welcome to our Phonics page!

This page should have all the answers you are looking for about how to say each sound, which terminology to use and what is taught when. If you have any questions about anything at all, please speak to Mrs Sell or your child’s class teacher.


What is Phonics?

Phonics consists of teaching the skills of segmenting and blending, the alphabetic code and an understanding of how this is used in reading and spelling. Simply put, it is hearing the sounds in a word and writing them down to spell it correctly. When reading, it is sounding out a word and sticking the sounds back together to read the whole word. 

What is Monster Phonics you ask?

Monster Phonics makes learning to read and spell through phonics easier, by categorising the 44 sounds into 10 categories and each of these 10 categories are represented by a Monster.  Each Monster is a different colour, and this colour represents that way of spelling the sound.  This makes learning to read and spell much easier and more fun.

Introduction to Monster Phonics

Why does Monster Phonics improve learning?
Your child learns through the assignment of colour and the linkage of the sound, as well as seeing the colour, creating more ways of remembering the spelling.

The games, songs and activities within the programme continuously reflect this way of learning, so that structure is constantly seen, heard and experienced by your child. This consistency is critical in ensuring that a complicated language is learnt in the most simplistic way.

Monster Phonics Actions

This video teaches the actions for each of the long vowel sounds, the tricky letters, the silent letters and the phonetic letters.Free trial at https://monst...

Isn't there a test?

Yes, there is a National Phonics Screening in Year 1 where the children have to read 20 real words and 20 ‘alien’ words. This is conducted in a very child-friendly way by the class teachers. At every parents evening you will be informed of your child’s progress in Phonics and at the end of Year 1 the school report will inform you if they have passed or not. If your child does not pass in Year 1 they will be given additional support throughout Year 2 to enable them to pass the next year. Parent briefings on the Phonics check and Key Stage 1 tests are available through the Spring and Summer terms. 

What will my child learn this year?

Phase 1 is introduced at the end of Nursery. Phases 1 , 2, 3 and 4 are taught within Year R. Phases 4 and 5 are taught in year 1. All phases are then revisited as part of Year 2, alongside phase 6 to develop the children’s spelling understanding. 

How do I know my child is saying the sounds correctly?

Following parent feedback we have provided a helpful video below to help you and your child at home. Watch the video below to familiarise yourself with how Monster Phonics works. It is important to enunciate the sounds correctly and try to encourage your child not to add on the /uh/ sound, for example saying /t/ not /tuh/. Why not join in and say the phonemes (sounds) together?


Pure Speech Sounds

Use this video to teach the initial pure speech sounds. Monster Phonics has been designed by teachers for teachers, supported by a range of comprehensive re...

I'm not sure about the terminology of Phonics.


A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in a word.

Feel/watch how your mouth changes when you say a word, every time your mouth moves/changes shape you are saying a new phoneme, e.g. b-r-i-ck

There are 44 phonemes in the English language



Graphemes represent how a phoneme is spelt. Each grapheme is a unit of sound regardless of how many letters there are.

e.g. The word b-r-igh-t is made up of 4 phonemes; the igh phoneme is represented by 3 letters but only makes one phoneme.

A grapheme can represent more than one phoneme e.g. C = cat and city



Two letters, which makes 1 phoneme. e.g. duck

A consonant diagraph contains two consonants

e.g.          sh             ck             th             ll                                                                         

A vowel diagraph contains at least one vowel

e.g.          ai              ee            ar              oy


Split Diagraph

A diagraph in which the two letters are not adjacent e.g. make

a-e is a unit of sound (diagraph)- it is being ‘split’ by the constant k.



Three letters, which make 1 phoneme. e.g. light                

Oral blending

Hearing a series of spoken phonemes and merging them together to make a spoken word without corresponding to any graphemes (no text is needed). e.g. teacher says “b-u-s” children say “bus”


Blending (links to reading)

Recognising the letter sounds in a written word and merging them together in the order they are written to pronounce the word. e.g. c-u-p = cup


Segmenting (links to writing)

Identifying the individual phonemes in a spoken word and writing them down to form a word.

We have Ebooks! 

Please sign up to access the ebooks online to help your child secure their phonic knowledge at home. 

How to access the eBooks at home?                                      

Ask your class teacher for the link and simple steps to have access to the whole eBook scheme at home!


FREE FREE FREE Phonics resources with Monster Phonics

Here are some fun activities, worksheets and games to help you to develop phonics knowledge.



Ideas for learning spellings






Information about Phonics



My question hasn't been answered - What should I do?

Please speak to your child’s class teacher or Mrs Sell so we can help you and your child feel confident about Phonics.

Monster Phonics Book Scheme

Yearly Overviews - Please be keep in mind that due to Covid-19 some planning may be altered to accommodate for the appropriate next steps in learning.