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P4C

P4C (Philosophy for children)

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What is P4C?

Benefits for Children

  • An enquiry based approach to open up children’s learning through the exploration of ideas.
  • Gives children the possibility of seeing that their ideas have value, and that others have different ideas that have value too.
  • They realise that they don’t always have to be right.
  • They have the confidence to ask questions and learn through discussion.
  • All learners (including teachers) have opportunities to genuinely enquire.
  • A chance to speak and be heard without fear of getting an answer wrong.
  • Intelligence grows.
  • Gives children who are not considered “academic” a voice and a chance to flourish.
  • Gives the “academic” children a chance to think outside the box and to see that the non-academic have inspiring ideas.
  • Gives all children value.

What does a session entail?

  • A structured session.
  • Starts with a stimulus.
  • Children are encouraged to draw on their imagination to ask a question based on wonderment (I wonder why…?).
  • Children make a collective decision on the question they are most interested in.
  • The discussion starts but is then not contained. It follows its own path guided by the children’s thoughts and ideas, agreeing and disagreeing, but always giving a reason for their point of view.

Outcomes for children

  • To learn to think before they speak and give reasons for what they say.
  • To value their views and the views of others.
  • Not taking things personally.
  • To learn respect and negotiation.
  • To learn not to be fearful.

Other outcomes – beyond Philosophy for Children

  • Impact on other areas of the curriculum.
  • Lots of ideas for creative writing.
  • Creates an enquiring classroom in all areas of the curriculum.
  • Affects personal skills, and behaviour in the playground.
  • Develops skills necessary for positions of responsibility (school council, worship leaders etc).
  • Listening and reasoning skills.
  • Independence.

 

Concepts

 

We have been looking at different books, pictures and short films with discussion about what they mean and exploring the different concepts for each book. 

 

We have been thinking of questions to ask about the concepts.

Where's my hat, children thought of these concepts (big ideas) 

Bullying, friendships, caring, kindness, lying, telling the truth and being friendly.

Where's my hat?

Where's my hat? 1
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